Major Mountain Ranges of the World & Highest Peaks [Map]

This article provides comprehensive coverage of the major mountain ranges of the world along with their highest peaks.

It also provides a free downloadable PDF map and important facts related to these mountain ranges, invaluable for competitive exams such as UPSC Prelims.

Major Mountain Ranges of the World Map

Major Mountain Ranges of the World

The table below provides a list of major mountain ranges of the world along with their Length, Highest Peaks, and Countries across which they are located in various continents.

Mountain RangesLength
Highest Peak
Andes7,000South America
(Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina)
Mount Aconcagua
(6961 m)
Rocky Mountains4,830North America
(USA and Canada)
Mount Elbert
(4401 m)
Great Dividing Range3,500AustraliaMount Kosciuszko
(2228 m)
Atlas Mountains2,500Africa
(Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia)
Mount Toubkal
(4167 m)
Ural Mountains2,500Europe-Asia Border
(Russia and Kazakhstan)
Mount Narodnaya
(1894 m)
Appalachian Mountains2,414North America
(USA and Canada)
Mount Mitchell
(2037 m)
(India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, and Pakistan)
Mount Everest
(8849 m)
Altai Mountains2,000Asia
(China, Mongolia, Russia, and Kazakhstan)
Belukha Mountain
(4506 m)
Scandinavian Mountains1,700Europe
(Sweden, Norway, and Finland)
(2469 m)
(France, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia)
Mont Blanc
(4809 m)
(South Africa and Lesotho)
Thabana Ntlenyana
(3482 m)

The Andes

  • The Andes is the world’s longest continental mountain range, stretching about 7,000 km along the western coast of South America.
  • It extends from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina.
  • Mount Aconcagua (6,961 m), located in Argentina, is the highest peak in the Andes.
  • The highest volcano in the world – Ojos del Salado (6,893 m) (active volcano) on the Chile-Argentina border lies on this range.
  • The Lithium Triangle is a region of the Andes that is rich in lithium reserves. Three countries that are part of the Lithium Triangle are Argentina, Bolivia, and Chile.

Rocky Mountains

  • The Rocky Mountains, also known as the Rockies, extend approximately 4,800 km from British Columbia in Canada to New Mexico in the USA.
  • Mount Elbert(4,401 m), located in Colorado, USA, is the highest peak in the Rocky Mountains.

The Great Dividing Range

  • The Great Dividing Range stretches over 3,500 km from north to south along the eastern coast of Australia.
  • Mount Kosciuszko (2,228 m) in New South Wales is the highest peak on the Australian mainland.
  • Darling-Murray River system originates from this range.

Atlas Mountains

  • The Atlas Mountains extend across North Africa, running approximately 2,500 km through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia.
  • They are young fold mountains.
  • They separate the Sahara Desert from the Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.
  • Mount Toubkal (4,167 m), located in Morocco, is the highest peak in the Atlas Mountains.

Ural Mountains

  • The Ural Mountains stretch approximately 2,500 km from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Ural River in the south.
  • They pass through Russia and Kazakhstan.
  • These mountains form part of the traditional boundary between the continents of Europe and Asia.
  • Mount Narodnaya (1,894 m), located in Russia, is the highest peak in the Urals.
  • These are old fold mountains.
  • The Urals mountain region has been a major mineral base of Russia since the 18th century.

Appalachian Mountains

  • Running parallel to the East Coast of North America, the Appalachians stretch over 2,400 km (USA and Canada).
  • Formed over 480 million years ago, the Appalachians are very old fold mountains.
  • Mount Mitchell (2,037 m), located in North Carolina, USA, is the highest peak.

The Himalayas

  • Extending over 2,400 km, the Himalayas span across five countries – India, Nepal, Bhutan, China (Tibet), and Pakistan.
  • Formed by the collision of the Indian Plate with the Eurasian Plate around 50 million years ago, these are very young fold mountains.
  • The range has some of the Earth’s highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest (8,849 m).
  • The Himalayas is home to more than 100 peaks exceeding elevations of 7,200 m.
  • Bordered on the northwest by the Karakoram and Hindu Kush ranges, on the north by the Tibetan Plateau, and on the south by the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
  • Often referred to as the “Water Tower of Asia” because they are the source of several major rivers, including the Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra, Yangtze, and Yellow River.

Altai Mountains

  • Extending over 2,000 km, the Altai Mountains are located at the intersection of Russia, Mongolia, China, and Kazakhstan.
  • Mount Belukha (4,506 m), located in Russia near the Russia-Kazakhstan border, is the highest peak.

Scandinavian Mountains

  • Also known as the Scandes, this range in Northern Europe extends through Norway, Sweden, and a small part of northern Finland.
  • It stretches for approximately 1,700 km along the western side of the Scandinavian Peninsula.
  • Galdhøpiggen (2,469 m), located in Norway, is the highest peak of this range.

The Alps

  • The Alps extend approximately 1,200 km and span across eight European countries: France, Switzerland, Italy, Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein, Slovenia, and Monaco.
  • Formed around 30 million years ago as a result of the collision between the African and Eurasian tectonic plates.
  • These are young fold mountains.
  • The Alpine region contains over 125 peaks higher than 4,000 m.
  • The highest peak in the Alps is Mont Blanc (4,809 m), located on the border between France and Italy.


  • It stretches for approximately 1,100 km across the eastern part of South Africa. Some part of it also lies in Lesotho.
  • These are young fold mountains.
  • Thabana Ntlenyana (3,482 m), located in Lesotho, is the highest peak in the Drakensberg Mountains.

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Subodh Sharma

I am Subodh Sharma, an IIT Roorkee graduate, committed to assisting UPSC aspirants in their map-based preparation journey. Having dedicated over four years to preparing for the UPSC examinations myself, I deeply understand the challenges and frustrations aspirants face in finding quality maps-based content. The years of preparation have given me...

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